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United States v. Hyde

The District Court for the District of Massachusetts ruled that defendant bankruptcy debtor's restitution order, imposed in a criminal case, created an entirely new obligation owed to plaintiff United States unaffected by the debtor's homestead exemption and 11 U.S.C. § 522(c), and the United States could enforce its garnishment order against sale proceeds of the debtor's home. The debtor appealed the district court's order.
Ruling: 
Obligation under Mandatory Victims Restitution Act was not subject to homestead exemption.
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McGarry v. Chew (In re Chew)

Appellant siblings, who were referred to as creditors, challenged a decision of the District Court for the District of Massachusetts, which held that their arguments regarding their respective shares in appellee debtor's claimed state homestead exemption under 11 U.S.C. § 522(b) were barred by principles of claim preclusion due to their prior state court claims.
Ruling: 
Creditors'constructive trust arguments regarding debtor's homestead exemption should have been asserted in state court and properly barred by bankruptcy court.
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