Massachusetts

Lorenz v. Am. Educ. ServicesPennsylvania Higher Educ. Assistance Agency (In re Lorenz)

Plaintiff debtor filed an adversary proceeding against defendant creditor seeking a determination that the debtor's student loans were dischargeable due to "undue hardship" under 11 U.S.C. § 523(a)(8). These student loans were used to finance the debtor's podiatry school education. Due to changes in the field, the debtor abandoned podiatry and chose instead to pursue a career as a registered nurse. The debtor was unemployed at the time of trial.
Ruling: 
Student loans were deemed dischargeable due to undue hardship for a debtor who faced having to switch careers to increase income.
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Fanaras v. Carpenter (In re Fanaras)

Plaintiff chapter 7 trustee filed an adversary proceeding against defendant debtor pursuant to 11 U.S.C. § 727(d), seeking to revoke the discharge entered in favor of the debtor. The trustee moved for summary judgment as to all counts in the complaint. The debtor cross moved for summary judgment, seeking to dismiss all counts on the basis that they were time barred.
Ruling: 
Debtor was granted partial summary judgment since the one-year statute of limitations for requesting revocation of discharge is not subject to equitable tolling.
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Lucas v. Lyle (In re Lyle)

Plaintiff creditors, owners of a residence, brought an adversary proceeding against defendant bankruptcy debtor, a contractor, alleging that a debt to the owners for the contractor's defective work was nondischargeable under 11 U.S.C. § 523(a)(2)(A) based on the contractor's misrepresentation that the contractor was licensed. The bankruptcy court reconsidered the owners'claim upon remand from the district court.
Ruling: 
Debt for unlicensed contractor debtor's damage to a residence from defective work was deemed dischargeable since the debtor did not misrepresent that the debtor was unlicensed.
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